What are the different modes of transportation used in the shipping industry?
The shipping industry employs various modes of transportation to transport goods from one location to another. These modes include sea, air, rail, and road. Sea transportation, also known as maritime shipping, is the most commonly used mode for international shipping due to its cost-effectiveness and ability to handle large volumes of cargo. Air transportation is preferred for time-sensitive and high-value shipments, although it is more expensive. Rail and road transportation are essential for connecting inland areas to ports and airports, providing a seamless flow of goods within a country or region. The choice of transportation mode depends on factors such as the type of goods being shipped, distance, urgency, cost, and infrastructure availability.